Randall-Sundrum Braneworld Scenario, Klebanov-Strassler Geometry and the Standard Model

In this post, the mathematics applies to both, Randall-Sundrum-1and-2 models, hence I will not distinguish between them here. One of the most powerful aspects of M-theory’s braneworld scenarios is that the bosonic and fermionic fields of the Standard Model of physics can be interpreted as low-lying Kaluza-Klein excitations of Randall-Sundrum bulk fields, after extra dimensional modulus stabilization, and recalling that Randall-Sundrum bulk/brane interactions yield a very deep solution to the EW hierarchy problem. Start with the theory defined by the following action:

    \[S = \frac{1}{2}\int {{d^4}} x\int\limits_{ - \pi }^\pi {d\phi \sqrt G } \left( {{G^{AB}}{\partial _A}\Phi {\partial _B}\Phi - {m^2}{\phi ^2}} \right)\]

with the bulk field given by:

    \[\Phi \left( {x,\phi } \right) = \sum\limits_n {\frac{{{\Upsilon _n}\left( \phi \right)}}{{\sqrt {{\tau _c}} }}} \]

where generally, the bulk action, with worldsheet-uplift, is given by:

    \[\begin{array}{l}{S_B} = - \frac{1}{{2{k^2}}}\int {{d^D}} X\left\{ {\frac{1}{2}} \right.\left[ {{\eta ^{\mu \rho }}} \right.{\eta ^{\nu \sigma }} + {\eta ^{\mu \sigma }}{\eta ^{\nu \rho }}\\ - \frac{2}{{D - 2}}{\eta ^{\mu \nu }}\left. {{\eta ^{\rho \sigma }}} \right]{h_{\mu \nu }}{\partial ^2}{h_{\rho \sigma }}\left. { + \frac{4}{{D - 2}}\bar \Phi {\partial ^2}\bar \Phi } \right\}\end{array}\]

and {\Upsilon _n}\left( \phi \right) satisfying:

    \[\int\limits_{ - \pi }^\pi {d\phi {e^{ - \sigma \left( \phi \right)}}} {\Upsilon _n}\left( \phi \right){\Upsilon _m}\left( \phi \right) = {\delta _{nm}}\]

with a Dirac-Born-Infeld brane interaction term:

    \[{S_{BI}} = - {\tau _\rho }\int {{d^{p + 1}}} \xi \left( {\left( {\frac{{2p - D + 4}}{{D - 2}}} \right)\bar \Phi - \frac{1}{2}{h_{aa}}} \right)\]

which, after integration by parts and upon substituting {e^{ - \sigma \left( \phi \right)}} in our action, we get the Horava-Witten action variant:

    \[\begin{array}{c}S = \frac{1}{2}\int {{d^4}} x\int\limits_{ - \pi }^\pi {{r_c}d\phi } \left( {{e^{ - 2\sigma \left( \phi \right)}}} \right.\\{\eta _{\mu \nu }}{\partial _\mu }\Phi {\partial _\nu }\Phi + \frac{1}{{r_c^2}}\left( {{e^{ - 4\sigma \left( \phi \right)}}\partial \Phi } \right)\\ - {m^2}{e^{ - 4\sigma \left( \phi \right)}}\left. {{\Phi ^2}} \right)\end{array}\]

Now, the bulk fields manifest themselves to 4-D ‘observers’ as infinite towers of scalars {\psi _n}\left( x \right) with masses {m_n}. After change of variables to:

    \[\left\{ {\begin{array}{*{20}{c}}{{z_n} = {m_n}{e^{\sigma \left( \phi \right)}}/k}\\{{f_n} = {e^{ - 2\sigma \left( \phi \right)}}{\Upsilon _n}}\end{array}} \right.\]

our actions reduce to two interaction terms:

    \[S_{{\mathop{\rm int}} }^G = \int {{d^4}} x\int\limits_{ - \pi }^\pi {d\phi \sqrt G } \frac{\lambda }{{{M^{5m - 5}}}}{\left( {{G^{AB}}{\partial _A}\Phi {\partial _B}\Phi } \right)^m}\]


    \[\begin{array}{l}S_{{\mathop{\rm int}} }^\Upsilon = \int {{d^4}} x\int\limits_{ - \pi }^\pi {{r_c}} d\phi {e^{ - 4\sigma \left( \phi \right)}}\frac{\lambda }{{{M^{5m - 5}}}} \cdot \\\psi _n^{2m}\left( {\frac{{{{\left( {{\partial _\phi }{\Upsilon _n}} \right)}^2}}}{{r_c^3}}} \right)\end{array}\]

where we have